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Neglected Infectious Diseases: Neglected Infections of Poverty

Neglected Infections of Poverty

Disease # of Cases in US Regions Affected

Ascariasis

< 4 million Appalachia, American South

Toxocariasis

1.3 - 2.8 million

Inner Cities, American South,

Appalachia

Strongyloidiasis

68,000 - 100,000 Appalachia, American South

Trichinellosis

16 (insufficient data) Arctic Alaska

Cysticercosis

41,400 - 169,000 US-Mexico Borderlands

Schistosomiasis

8,000 African Refugees

Echinococcosis

Insufficient Data Tribal Lands and Arctic Alaska

Giardiasis

2 - 2.5 million All Regions

Trichomoniasis

880,000 American South, Inner Cities

Cryptosporidiosis

300,000 All Regions

Chagas' Disease

3,000 - >1 million

US-Mexico Borderlands,

American South

Cyclosporiasis

16,624

All Regions

Toxoplasmosis

<4,000 Annually

American South, Inner

Cities, US-Mexico

Borderlands, Arctic South

Leishmaniasis

Insufficient Data

US-Mexico Borderlands

Amebiasis

Insufficient Data US-Mexico Borderlands

Congenital Syphilis

1,528 between 1994

& 2002

American South, Inner

Cities

Brucellosis

1,554 US-Mexico Borderlands

 Bovine  Tuberculosis

129 between 1994

& 2000

US-Mexico Borderlands

 Leprosy

166 US-Mexico Borderlands

 Trench Fever

Insufficient Data Inner Cities

 Leptospirosis

Insufficient Data Inner Cities

Dengue Fever

110,000 - 200,000

New Infections

Annually

US-Mexico Borderlands

American South

Congenital CMV

About 27,000

Annually

American South,

Inner Cities

Rabies

2

All Regions

 

Adapted from Hotez, P.J. "Neglected Infections of Poverty in the United States of America" PLoS Neglected Diseases (June 2008) vol. 2 iss. 6 p.1-11

Photos: Parasite Image Library, DPDx, Laboratory Identification of Parasites of Public Health Concern (CDC) - http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Image_Library.htm

CDC = Centers for Disease Control
WHO = World Health Organization

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