Skip to main content

APA Citation Style, 6th edition: Lecture

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.

How to cite from Blackboard?

If you retrieved lecture documents (not a journal article or an item available freely online) through a password protected portal such as Blackboard, you should not include the long URL from the Blackboard entry, instead use the homepage of Blackboard (i.e. Blackboard website:

NOTE: When citing online lecture notes, provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title (e.g. [PowerPoint], [PDF] documents).

Frank, B. (2015). Lecture 4: Psychophysiology [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from  listContent.jsp?course_id=_241832_1&content_id=_6002642_1

Frank, B. (2015). Lecture 4: Psychophysiology [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from George Washington University, Basics of Psychophysiology. Blackboard:



Important Note: This format would be used if you were citing a set of notes from a lecture (e.g. PowerPoint slides provided by your instructor). 
Tip: Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Follow the format examples for a personal communication available under the Interview section.
General Format 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year)
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Lecture title [Format]. Retrieved
            from George Washington University Course name Blackboard site.

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Smith, 2010)
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Smith, 2010)
      Smith, J. (2010). Lecture 2: How to Cite in APA[PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from
            George Washington University Introduction to Public Health Services 

Subject Guide

Gisela Butera
Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
2300 Eye Street, NW
Washington, DC 20037
Website / Blog Page
Subjects:Public Health

The Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
Questions? Ask us.
Creative Commons License
All LibGuides by Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library are licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

The George Washington University