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APA Citation Style, 6th edition: Lecture

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.

How to cite from Blackboard?

If you retrieved lecture documents (not a journal article or an item available freely online) through a password protected portal such as Blackboard, you should not include the long URL from the Blackboard entry, instead use the homepage of Blackboard (i.e. Blackboard website: http://blackboard.gwu.edu).

NOTE: When citing online lecture notes, provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title (e.g. [PowerPoint], [PDF] documents).

WRONG:
Frank, B. (2015). Lecture 4: Psychophysiology [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from https://blackboard.gwu.edu/webapps/blackboard/content  listContent.jsp?course_id=_241832_1&content_id=_6002642_1

RIGHT:
Frank, B. (2015). Lecture 4: Psychophysiology [PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from George Washington University, Basics of Psychophysiology. Blackboard: http://blackboard.gwu.edu
            

 

Lecture

Important Note: This format would be used if you were citing a set of notes from a lecture (e.g. PowerPoint slides provided by your instructor). 
 
Tip: Cite information from your own personal notes from a lecture as personal communication and refer to it only in the body of your essay. Follow the format examples for a personal communication available under the Interview section.
 
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Year)
     
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
      (Author Surname, Year)
 
      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Lecture title [Format]. Retrieved
            from George Washington University Course name Blackboard site.
  
Example
 

      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 

      (Smith, 2010)
 
      In-Text Citation (Quotation):
 
      (Smith, 2010)
 
      References:
      Smith, J. (2010). Lecture 2: How to Cite in APA[PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from
            George Washington University Introduction to Public Health Services 
            Blackboard: http://blackboard.gwu.edu

Subject Guide

Gisela Butera
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