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APA Citation Style, 6th edition: Three to Five Authors or Editors

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.

About Citing Books

For each type of source in this guide, both the general form and an example will be provided.

The following format will be used:

In-Text Citation (Paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words.  For more tips on paraphrasing check out The OWL at Purdue.

In-Text Citation (Quotation) - entry that appears in the body of your paper after a direct quote.

References - entry that appears at the end of your paper.

Information on citing and several of the examples were drawn from the APA Manual (6th ed.).

Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

Book with Three to Five Authors or Editors (pp. 177, 202)

The general format below refers to a book with three authors.  For a book with four or five authors, you would add the additional authors' names after the first three.
 
If you are dealing with a book that has three to five editors instead of authors, you would simply insert the names of the editors into the place where the authors' names are now, followed by "(Eds.)" without the quotation marks (as per the example).  The rest of the format would remain the same.
  
General Format 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year)
 
      NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors
      includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include
      only the first author's/editor's surname, followed by et al. and the year.
 
      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):
      (Author Surname, Author Surname, & Author Surname, Year, page number)
 
      References:
      Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial., & Author Surname, First Initial. Second Initial. (Year). Book title: Subtitle. Place of Publication: Publisher.
  
Example 
 
      In-Text Citation (Paraphrase): 
      (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999)
 
      NOTE: A subsequent citation would appear as (Johnson et al., 1999)
 
      In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):
      (Johnson, Roberts, & Worell, 1999, p. 72)
 
      References:
      Johnson, N. G., Roberts, M. C., & Worell, J. (Eds.). (1999). Beyond appearance: A new look at adolescent girls. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

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