General Style Guidelines
Journal Article with One AuthorJournal Article with 2 AuthorsJournal Article with 3-5 AuthorsJournal Article with 6 or more AuthorsMagazine ArticleNewspaper Article
Basic Web PageWeb page from a University siteWeb Page with No AuthorBlog postEntry in a Reference WorkGovernment Document
Motion PictureYoutube VideoAudio PodcastMusic Recording
Electronic ImageFigures
InterviewLectureE-mailClassical WorksSecondary Sources
One Author or EditorTwo Authors or EditorsThree to Five Authors or EditorsArticle or Chapter in an Edited BookArticle in a Reference BookNo AuthorE-BooksEdition other than the FirstTranslationGovernment Publication
Avoiding Plagiarism
This is the "APA" page of the "APA Citation Style, 6th edition" guide.
Alternate Page for Screenreader Users
Skip to Page Navigation
Skip to Page Content

APA Citation Style, 6th edition  

A guide to help users create citations using APA (American Psychological Association) style, 6th edition.
Last Updated: Jan 31, 2014 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

APA Print Page

Helpful Tip!

How do I cite an article I found using an iPhone app?


It is irrelevant whether you read it on your iPhone, IPad, Android, Blackberry, MAC, laptop or in the library. Creating references is not about documenting "how" you located the information but providing the reader a direct path to the "original" source of the material.

Remember - the "iPhone app" is not the source of the article - the "journal" is your source. Cite it as you would any journal article.  



    Digital Object Identifier (DOI) (pp. 188-192)

    What is a DOI? A DOI (digital object identifier) is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency (the International DOI Foundation) to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet.  Used for both print and electronic sources.


    Getting Started!

    American Psychological Association (APA) style is commonly used for citing references in student papers in science, medical, public health, health sciences and nursing as well as the social science.

     The purpose of documentation is to:

    • Identify (cite) other people’s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper.
    • Indicate the authors or sources of these in a References list at the end of your paper.

    This guide is based on the APA Manual (6th ed.) that was published in 2009.

    The following sections provide you with information and examples that will help you to cite the sources that you come across during your research. 

    General Style Guidelines


    Journal/Magazine Articles

    Web Sites

    Audiovisual Media


    Other Sources

    For more examples and information, consult the following publications:

    APA Manual (6th ed.)

    Call number Location
    BF76.7 .P83 2010 Main Reference Collection 1st Floor

    What is RefWorks?

    What is RefWorks?
    RefWorks is an online research management, writing and collaboration tool. It is designed to help researchers easily gather, manage, store and share all types of information, as well as generate citations and bibliographies.

    Why should you use RefWorks?

    • One "click" and you can generate bibliographies in any citation style format. (APA, AMA, MLA and more!)
    • Allows you to create & organize your own personal database of references.
    • Import your references directly from databases, journals or the library catalog and avoid emailing or the need to save to a USB flashdrive.
    • Makes collaboration easier during group projects allowing you to share your RefWorks folder of references.

      New Users: Getting Started!
    • Go to Himmelfarb Library's Homepage  
    • Under Accounts Click RefWorks  
    • Select "Sign up for an Individual Account" and complete the new user information form.
    • You will receive an email from RefWorks confirming your login username and password

    Note: You will need the  Group Code  for GWUMC to access RefWorks off-campus.

    Subject Guide

    Profile Image
    Gisela Butera
    Contact Info
    Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library
    The George Washington University
    2300 Eye Street, N.W.
    Washington, DC 20037
    Phone: 202-994-1824
    Fax: 202-994-4343
    Send Email

    APA Printable Handout


    How do you prefer to learn about citing?

    Creative Commons License
    This Himmelfarb Health Sciences Library resource is licensed under a
    Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
    The Creative Commons License applies to all information linked on this page.


    Loading  Loading...